To prevent killing young male chickens, we require more feasible solutions – German agri-economist

On a yearly basis, very nearly 45 million young chickens that are male killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable when it comes to market. New procedures for sex recognition should make sure that they’re not also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock

The managing director of the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, spoke about Germany’s recent decision to allow the mass killings of young male chickens and how his company’s Seleggt process could be used as a bridging technology until more commercially viable methods are found in an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh.

Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, an associate of this Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation using the University of Leipzig, is rolling out the very first functional way of very early sex recognition in hen eggs.

The sex of a young chicken can be determined in the egg with the Seleggt method. So how exactly does this work?

Our technique is the best referred to as an hormonal, meaning a hormone-based technique. We know already that gender-specific hormones, such as for example oestrone sulphate, happen to be contained in the non-incubated egg and tend to be just created into the egg that is female.

To work on this, one should wait about nine times before the hormones are located in the egg in adequate volume. Then we draw out a small fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix with a biochemical marker.

This then indicates, with a color modification, if the sulphate that is oestrone current. Feminine eggs are then came back to your incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.

To date, but, gender determination is not considered ready for serial manufacturing, and just a few supermarkets provide these eggs. Exactly why is that?</p>

Within the last couple of years, we’ve made progress that is incredible refining our technology. We could now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per machine.

But, the procedure has just been utilized in our in-house hatchery up to now. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered today in about 380 supermarkets into the greater Berlin area. The fact these eggs just occur here, for the time being, is basically because the true number of laying hens remains workable.

Since February, nonetheless, we’ve been breeding on a bigger scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young feminine chickens hatching each week. The first generation will be old enough to lay their own eggs by the end of July. After that, we are seeing a growing amount of respeggt eggs available on the market. The Rewe Group has set it self the purpose of offering these eggs in most its German branches by the conclusion for the entire year.

Beginning year that is next we shall then provide while making our technology open to hatcheries. To start with, this is carried out in a cost-neutral method.

Respeggt eggs will, therefore, be slowly in the marketplace.

Cost-neutral could possibly imply that you first need to make an advance re payment. How come that the actual situation?

Our enterprize model is comprised of supermarkets spending us a licence fee – but only once the first eggs are for sale in supermarkets. We now have create a Respeggt logo design to demonstrate the client that the eggs had been produced without killing young birds.

This can be a clear added value as supermarkets can then get this to marketable. Just then, will they spend us a licence cost because we made the hatching eggs offered at the start of the supply string.

The client, consequently, would additionally help alleviate problems with chickens that are young being slaughtered due to the fact cost of eggs will soon be somewhat increased.

What are the other options for the very early detection of intercourse being developed?

Yes, other practices are increasingly being investigated in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but in addition into the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more info on these methods, as his or her development obviously happens in today’s world.

In every situation, i might welcome it if other procedures had been made in the marketplace. I’m not only concerned with your competition, but additionally concerning the dilemma of killing chickens that are young.

To be truthful, running the complete sector with just one technology could be a severe challenge.

Is since your reach continues to be too little?

Yes. We expect you’ll raise about 1.5 million young birds in our hatchery in 2010 – that is merely a fall into the ocean considering that a complete of 45 million young male chickens are now being gassed or shredded each year.

Which means we’ll require a lot more time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we manage to discuss about it a paradigm shift. Rome had not been built in one day.

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Whenever Seleggt technology had been established, it had been labelled being a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. A different one of those may be the double usage of birds. Could that function as future of chicken agriculture?

The actual fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.

This is basically the only method we can create really cheap eggs and chicken meat. The rational goal, needless to say, should be to reproduce hens which have a great laying performance, while their brothers have fattening performance that is high. That appears like a jack-of-all-trades style of unit and that’s just what it is.

As an agricultural scientist with a PhD in farming, I am able to let you know there are complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that a hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building enough muscle mass. Each one or even one other.

Nonetheless, i am hoping that the reproduction businesses continue steadily to work intensively about this problem to ensure we now have a solution that is economically viable dual-use chickens.

Gender dedication methods are only a short-term solution and it could truly become more sustainable and in most of y our passions when we could place an end for this killing of young birds.

Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic

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