4 Astronomical Events You Don’t Want to Miss in November

4 Astronomical Events You Don’t Want to Miss in November

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The Supermoon

The full moon in November will be super-sized, the largest of 2016. “Supermoon” is a recently coined term for when the moon is full and at perigee—its closest point to the earth in its elliptical orbit. Perigee will take place on Nov. 14 when the moon passes about 356,000 km from our planet. The full moon peaks less than three hours later, wowing viewers and causing larger than normal tides along the coast.

Meteor Showers

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Three minor meteor showers, the South Taurids, North Taurids and Leonids, occur in November. If you’re a night owl, you may spot some fireballs around midnight between Nov. 4 and 5 from the South Taurids, and some slow-moving bright meteors around midnight on Nov. 11 and 12 from the North Taurids. The Leonid meteor shower is better for early birds who are up an hour or more before sunrise on Nov. 17.

A Canopy of Stars

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We’ll all feel like night owls once the clock changes back to Standard Time on Nov. 6. For many in the U.S., the sun will set before 5 p.m. Let’s face it: the long hours of darkness can be gloomy. But instead of hiding under the covers, bundle up and step outside to look at the brilliant sky of late fall. The crisp air will revive you, as will the clear view of stars more than a thousand light-years away. Look to the northeast to see the Capella star flashing and flaming. This vibrant beacon is a mere 42 light-years away.

Planets on the Move

In the beginning of November, Venus mingles brightly with Saturn in the southwestern sky. A crescent moon will pass the two planets from Nov. 1 to 3 and then scoot to the south, passing in the vicinity of Mars on Nov. 5. By mid-month, Saturn will drop lower in the horizon, crossing paths with Mercury around Nov. 25. Mercury will be rising away from the sun as Saturn sinks. On the last day of November, the crescent moon pops back into view in the west not far from Mercury.

Reposted from  SIERRA Magazine.

via EcoWatch

Poland Unveils Bright Blue Bike Lane That Is Charged By The Sun

Poland Unveils Bright Blue Bike Lane That Is Charged By The Sun

The Starry Night bike path is illuminated by phosphor, a synthetic material that lights up after it’s been charged by the sun. This improves the aesthetic appeal and safety of the path.

Credit: TPA Sp. z o.o.

Credit: TPA Sp. z o.o.

If you ever plan on visiting Poland, be sure to bring your bike. That way you won’t miss out on trekking the luminous bike path which is completely self-sustaining, as it’s charged by the sun.

Located near Lidzbark Warminski, the bike path is illuminated by phosphor, a synthetic material that lights up after it’s been charged by the sun. The starry-looking path was inspired by Studio Roosegaarde and was created by TPA Instytut Badań Technicznych Sp. z o.o,

Said Igor Ruttmar, president of TPA Sp. z o.o.,

“The material we used for the track gives light for over ten hours. That means the road can radiate throughout the whole night and reaccumulate light the following day

Reportedly, the bike path is meant to improve the safety of people biking at night. The fact that it’s so beautiful is an added bonus.

Though the luminophores, or “particles” in the bike lane material can emit a variety of colors, the designers behind the project picked blue to best fit in with the surrounding landscape. Next Nature Network relays that a priority was to ensure the lane was as sustainable as possible, as well as cost-effective, that way it did not need to cost more than traditional bike paths.

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The Starry Night bike path is illuminated by phosphor, a synthetic material that lights up after it’s been charged by the sun. This improves the aesthetic appeal and safety of the path.

Credit: TPA

Credit: TPA Sp. z o.o.

 If you ever plan on visiting Poland, be sure to bring your bike. That way you won’t miss out on trekking the luminous bike path which is completely self-sustaining, as it’s charged by the sun.

Located near Lidzbark Warminski, the bike path is illuminated by phosphor, a synthetic material that lights up after it’s been charged by the sun. The starry-looking path was inspired by Studio Roosegaarde and was created by TPA Instytut Badań Technicznych Sp. z o.o,

Said Igor Ruttmar, president of TPA Sp. z o.o.,

“The material we used for the track gives light for over ten hours. That means the road can radiate throughout the whole night and reaccumulate light the following day

Reportedly, the bike path is meant to improve the safety of people biking at night. The fact that it’s so beautiful is an added bonus.

Though the luminophores, or “particles” in the bike lane material can emit a variety of colors, the designers behind the project picked blue to best fit in with the surrounding landscape. Next Nature Network relays that a priority was to ensure the lane was as sustainable as possible, as well as cost-effective, that way it did not need to cost more than traditional bike paths.

bikepath

The Starry Night bike path used from the Van Gogh-themed lane is actually quite different than the one installed in Poland. Reportedly, Studio Roosegaarde’s bike lane was lit by LEDs powered by as solar array and “light-collecting paint”. TPA Sp. z o.o’s bike lane, however, doesn’t require any power source other than the sun.

Because the bike lane is still being tested, it is unknown how long the fabulous-looking path will continue to last. For now, it’s one more reason to visit Poland if the opportunity is presented.
This article (Poland Unveils Bright Blue Bike Lane That Is Charged By The Sun) is free and open source. You have permission to republish this article under a Creative Commons license with attribution to the author and TrueActivist.com

New Red Fluorescent Proteins Allow Scientists to Better ‘see’ What Memories Are Made Of

New Red Fluorescent Proteins Allow Scientists to Better ‘see’ What Memories Are Made Of

Researchers at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience and Stanford University teamed up to develop a new molecular tag which allowed visualization of two signaling proteins’ activity in a single dendritic spine in real time.


An ongoing challenge for scientists working to understand the brain is being able to see all its parts. Researchers have spent centuries developing better imaging techniques to see beyond the abilities of our naked eyes. They’ve built microscopes that gather information down to the electron level. They’ve engineered fluorescent tags that make cells and structures of interest more visible. One of the most effective imaging techniques for neuroscientists has been the combination of FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer) and FLIM (Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy). This duo gives scientists the power to view biochemical dynamics of proteins with high spatial and temporal accuracy, while also allowing them to calculate the minuscule distances between molecules in real time.

At the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI), researchers in Ryohei Yasuda’s laboratory, such as postdoctoral researcher, Tal Laviv, Ph.D., have been working to understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms of learning and memory. The team has been using FRET-FLIM to study the activity of proteins in dendritic spines, protrusions that form off of neuronal branches, and make synaptic connections and communicate with other neurons. Dendritic spines are known to emerge, change shape, and even disappear over a lifetime, and these changes are considered the cellular basis for learning and memory. These imaging techniques were a key factor in helping the team elucidate some of the molecular mechanisms behind this type of plasticity.

Nonetheless, there is an important limitation in using these techniques to understand how multiple types of proteins and molecules interact in living samples. There is only one FRET donor tag (GFP) that will work within a FLIM protocol, so if researchers want to study two proteins, they’ll investigate “Protein A” in one set of experiments, following an additional set of experiments to examine “Protein B” activity. Following these experiments, the researchers will need to draw conclusions about how these two proteins interact based on these two sets of experiments. This not only increases the amount of time it takes to study multiple proteins, but also makes it more difficult to analyze how they interact in space and time. “For those types of systems,” explained Dr. Laviv, “it’s crucial to look at as many proteins as possible at the same time to correlate their activities.”

Researchers at Stanford University, from the research team of Dr. Michael Lin, which specializes in building protein based tools for molecular imaging, reached out to the Yasuda Lab at MPFI after they identified a new set of red fluorescent proteins, or RFPs, named CyRFPs. They suggested this new set of RFPs could be used in combination with GFP for simultaneous imaging.

To determine if this could work, the scientists tested the ability to visualize dendritic spine structure and function using CyRFP and a GFP-based calcium bio-sensor. Using this combination, they were able to monitor the structure and function of spines in real time, even in the brains of living animals. Finally, the team tweaked a variant of CyRFP, which now could be used as a fluorescent FRET donor a part of a FRET pair, named monomeric cyan-excitable red fluorescent protein (mCyRFP1). Scientists in the Yasuda Lab conducted a series of experiments to test the newly proposed FRET pair alongside a GFP bionsensor. The technique allowed them to view, for the first time, the activities of two signaling molecules within a single dendritic spine as the spine was undergoing synaptic plasticity. A description of this new technique was published on October 31, 2016 in Nature Methods.

Dr. Laviv explains that the new technique will increase both accuracy and efficiency of FRET-FLIM imaging experiments and could potentially increase our understanding of how learning and memory ultimately alters the structure and function of dendritic spines.


This work was supported by grants from Human Frontiers Science Program, NSF Graduate Fellowship, a Siebel Scholar Award, National Institute of Health grants R01MH080047, 1DP1NS096787, 1U01NS090600 and P50GM107615, a Burroughs Wellcome Foundation Career Award for Medical Scientists, a Rita Allen Foundation Scholar Award and the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience.

Story Source:

Materials provided by MAX PLANCK FLORIDA INSTITUTE FOR NEUROSCIENCE . Original written by Marla Paul. Note: Content may be edited for style and length

New Solar Panels Pull Drinking Water From The Air Because Clean Water Is A Human Right.

New Solar Panels Pull Drinking Water From The Air Because Clean Water Is A Human Right.

These solar panels are seriously changing the game for both tap water and clean energy.

Credit: Zero Mass Water

Credit: Zero Mass Water

In an exciting new development, a startup company called Zero Mass Water has created solar panels that passively and efficiently pull water from the sky, purify it, and transport it to the tap for drinking and cooking purposes. Though the primary motivation for creating these panels was to help people living without access to clean drinking water, it can also help a variety of people from all walks of life while conserving traditional energy that is bad for the environment.

The founder and CEO of the startup, Cody Friesen, said he was inspired when he was setting up another one of his technologies in Indonesia and thought about the abundance of rain, but lack of clean water in the region. He decided to focus his efforts on improving the global water supply. Friesen told Fastco Exist:

“Everybody’s heard about the latest nanofilter this…or whatever the latest pump technology is. None of those end up being sort of the leapfrog technology that addresses the fact that drinking water is a fundamental human right, and yet we have one person dying every 10 seconds from waterborne illness on the planet.”

Credit: Zero Mass Water

Credit: Zero Mass Water

Though these are the first solar panels of their kind, the idea and technology behind the water conversion and supply is simple. Zero Mass Water created a material that absorbs water from the air at an extremely accelerated rate, then it draws the water back out to evaporate it and draw out pollutants. After this purification process, the distilled water is run through a mineral block to add calcium and magnesium and to improve the taste.

Since waterborne illnesses are so prevalent, this water can save millions of lives and slowly eliminate diseases, as it becomes more widely-used by countries suffering the most as a result of contaminated drinking water. Having an in-home water supply would also save girls and women worldwide approximately 200 million hours annually, as that’s how much time they spend retrieving water. They could use this time to go to school, perform more tasks around the house, or work.

The solar panels are currently being tested in Ecuador, Jordan, and Mexico to test their viability and effectiveness. Though they’re starting out in areas rampant with poverty, the panels can also make a difference in the lives of the citizens whose water supplies are tainted with lead. There are roughly 5,300 such water systems, and this could be a safe alternative to drinking that lethal tap water and buying bottled water.

 

Credit: Zero Mass Water

Credit: Zero Mass Water

A single panel can provide enough clean drinking and cooking water for a family of 4, and additional panels can be used on larger buildings, such as hospitals.

Zero Mass Water hopes that this concept won’t remain novel for too long; despite the success they’re likely to have for being the only sellers of this panel, their goal is to make the technology common throughout all solar panels installed in people’s homes.

“When you think about solar today, what do you think about? Electricity,” Friesen said. “Everybody thinks that way. I think that in a few years when people think about solar, they’ll also think about water abundance.”

This article (New Solar Panels Pull Drinking Water From The Air Because Clean Water Is A Human Right) is free and open source. You have permission to republish this article under a Creative Commons license with attribution to the author and TrueActivist.com

How To Make Natural Homemade Viagra Using ONLY 2 Ingredients!

How To Make Natural Homemade Viagra Using ONLY 2 Ingredients!

If you want to prepare your home made Viagra, you will need the ingredients that are usually found in every supermarket. These ingredients are incredibly powerful and potent aphrodisiacs.

Viagra is a highly effective drug for men, which is useful to increase sexual function and stamina. Very few people know the secret. Yet, it can be made at home!

REQUIRED INGREDIENTS FOR HOMEMADE VIAGRA:

The watermelon is rich with citrulline-amino acid that helps to improve the blood flow to the heart and the genitalia. Actually, it produces an effect similar to some drugs, such as Viagra.

Don’t forget that you shouldn’t use sugar, spices, salt, or any other flavors, which may decrease the strength of the 2 main ingredients.

You need to slice the watermelon in small pieces and put the pieces into a food processor so that you can get about 1 liter of watermelon juice. The white stuff in the shell from the watermelon is also high in concentrated Citrulline and need to be juiced also.

Pour the juice into a pot. Boil for a couple minutes after that squeeze the lemon juice inside the pot. Mix the 2 ingredients.

It is best to continue boiling till most of the liquid evaporate, stop when liquid in the pot is reduce to about half.

Let it stay about an hour or so.

Next, move the potion to a rinsed and cleaned glass jar and keep it in a cool and dry place such as a refrigerator.

You need to consume this drink on an empty stomach, early in the morning and before dinner, the quantity that need to be consumed is among 2 tablespoons to 1/3 of the cup.

This depends on the body weight and size. This homemade Viagra is safe and potent for people of all ages. Plus, it’s delicious!

You can also add strawberries and Lime in your recipe!

WATCH THE VIDEO BELLOW:

Credit: http://simplecapacity.com/

Cannabis Protects The Brain From Traumatic Injuries And Concussions, Study Finds

Cannabis Protects The Brain From Traumatic Injuries And Concussions, Study Finds

Big Pharma doesn’t want you to know about everything marijuana can do.

Credit: University of Mary Washington

Credit: University of Mary Washington

More and more studies on the abilities of THC are being released recently, and the results are astonishing. Though many have suspected that the drug works wonders on the brain and central nervous system, studies on these theories have been few and far between because of marijuana’s legal status and a lack of funding for illegal drugs.

That’s slowly starting to change as more states embrace the drug both medicinally and recreationally. As a result, more studies have been conducted to determine what the effects of THC on the body are and the findings are miraculous.

One of the more recent studies, which was published in the journal Cerebral Cortex, found that using THC soon after incurring a brain injury can significantly lessen the bruising to the brain and even assist in the healing process. Normally when the brain experiences trauma, the body releases harmful mediators that lead to excitotoxicity, oxidative stress and inflammation and causes secondary, delayed neuronal death.

Credit: Truth CDM

Credit: Truth CDM

The use of cannabis, however, has been shown to decrease the damage done to the brain by protecting the neural system. It even stimulated the release of minocycline, which reduces brain swelling and neurological impairment while diffusing further injuries to the brain’s axons.

Overall, the mice that were administered cannabinoid appeared to have a significant reduction of brain swelling, better clinical recovery, reduced infarct volume, and reduced brain cell death. This is extremely relevant in a time where consumers are becoming disillusioned when it comes to pharmaceutical drugs and are looking for alternative methods of treatment. Turning to marijuana is a sustainable, more natural approach to curing and calming the body and should be researched further to determine how it can best be used in humans.

This article (Cannabis Protects The Brain From Traumatic Injuries And Concussions, Study Finds) is free and open source. You have permission to republish this article under a Creative Commons license with attribution to the author and TrueActivist.com