Walk Around In A 3D Splendid House From The Ancient Pompeii

Walk Around In A 3D Splendid House From The Ancient Pompeii

By combining traditional archaeology with 3D technology, researchers at Lund University in Sweden have managed to reconstruct a house in Pompeii to its original state before the volcano eruption of Mount Vesuvius thousands of years ago. Unique video material has now been produced, showing their creation of a 3D model of an entire block of houses.

After the catastrophic earthquake in Italy in 1980, the Pompeii city curator invited the international research community to help document the ruin city, before the state of the finds from the volcano eruption in AD 79 would deteriorate even further. The Swedish Pompeii Project was therefore started at the Swedish Institute in Rome in 2000. The researcher in charge of the rescue operation was Anne-Marie Leander Touati, at the time director of the institute in Rome, now Professor of Classical Archaeology and Ancient History at Lund University.

Since 2010, the research has been managed by the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History in Lund. The project now also includes a new branch of advanced digital archaeology, with 3D models demonstrating the completed photo documentation. The city district was scanned during the field work in 2011–2012 and the first 3D models of the ruin city have now been completed. The models show what life was like for the people of Pompeii before the volcano eruption of Mount Vesuvius. The researchers have even managed to complete a detailed reconstruction of a large house, belonging to the wealthy man Caecilius Iucundus.

“By combining new technology with more traditional methods, we can describe Pompeii in greater detail and more accurately than was previously possible”, says Nicoló Dell´Unto, digital archaeologist at Lund University.

Among other things, the researchers have uncovered floor surfaces from AD 79, performed detailed studies of the building development through history, cleaned and documented three large wealthy estates, a tavern, a laundry, a bakery and several gardens. In one garden, they discovered that some of the taps to a stunning fountain were on at the time of eruption – the water was still gushing when the rain of ash and pumice fell over Pompeii.

The researchers occasionally also found completely untouched layers. In a shop were three, amazingly enough, intact windows (made out of translucent crystalline gypsum) from Ancient Rome, stacked against each other. By studying the water and sewer systems they were able to interpret the social hierarchies at the time, and see how retailers and restaurants were dependent on large wealthy families for water, and how the conditions improved towards the end, before the eruption.

An aqueduct was built in Pompeii, enabling residents to no longer having to rely on a few deep wells or the tanks of collected rainwater in large wealthy households.

The work behind the 3D film and a discussion on the credibility of the reconstructions are presented in an article, published in SCIRES Italy.

Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell’Informazione and the Humanities Lab at Lund University have contributed to the development of the material and 3D work.

Article: Reconstructing the Original Splendour of the House of Caecilius Iucundus. A Complete Methodology for Virtual Archaeology Aimed at Digital Exhibition.

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The Terrifying True Scale of Nuclear Weapons

The Terrifying True Scale of Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear weapons have come a long way and come in all types of different sizes. Some are relatively small while others are enormous, so big they boggle the mind at what they can be capable of.

This video analyzes the sizes and impacts of various different nuclear devices, the history of nuclear weapons and what countries in the world are in possession of such devices.

Photographer Roland Miller Is Fighting To Preserve America’s Space History

Photographer Roland Miller Is Fighting To Preserve America’s Space History

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Photographer Roland Miller has devoted his time to trying to preserve the history of the space race.

Sites like Cape Canaveral Air Force Station are merely shells of what they used to be and Miller is trying to raise awareness to prevent them from being torn down.

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Abandoned in Place is a photography book exploring and documenting America’s early space launch and research facilities.

Incredible 3D colour images from 1850s Japan

Incredible 3D colour images from 1850s Japan

In 1851, when Scotsman Sir David Brewster concocted a photographic gadget called the Lenticular Stereoscope, the way individuals saw the world changed until the end of time. In the wake of displaying it to Queen Victoria at the Great Exhibition in London, Victorians went insane for the new machine. Picture takers were sent far and wide to record renowned sights and occasions in stereo. “See the world from your parlor!” was only one of the numerous publicizing mottos used to advance the awesome new medium to learning parched Victorians. These mind boggling 3D pictures are only a small amount of the many thousands delivered.

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6 Chemical Reactions That Changed History

6 Chemical Reactions That Changed History

It’s Okay To Be Smart host Joe Hanson takes a look at six chemical reactions that changed history.

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Isaac Newton And ‘The Philosopher’s Stone’

Isaac Newton And ‘The Philosopher’s Stone’

Isaac Newton’s recipe for magical ‘Philosopher’s Stone’ rediscovered: 17th-century alchemy manuscript reveals ingredients it was thought could make people… immortal.

A handwritten manuscript from nearly 400 years ago has revealed a glimpse of the recipe for the mythical ‘philosopher’s stone.’

The 17th century document was penned by Isaac Newton, and is a copy of another known alchemist’s text.
After decades in a private collection, the text was purchased by the Chemical Heritage Foundation in the US, which has revealed the early steps in a process alchemists thought could turn lead to gold.

Isaac Newton produced many works that would now be classified as occult studies. These works explored chronology, alchemy, and Biblical interpretation (especially of the Apocalypse). Newton’s scientific work may have been of lesser personal importance to him, as he placed emphasis on rediscovering the occult wisdom of the ancients. In this sense, some believe that any reference to a “Newtonian Worldview” as being purely mechanical in nature is somewhat inaccurate.

After purchasing and studying Newton’s alchemical works in 1942, economist John Maynard Keynes, for example, opined that “Newton was not the first of the age of reason, he was the last of the magicians”. In the Early Modern Period of Newton’s lifetime, the educated embraced a world view different from that of later centuries. Distinctions between science, superstition, and pseudoscience were still being formulated, and a devoutly Christian Biblical perspective permeated Western culture. [via]

This 17th century manuscript contains instructions that Newton copied from an American alchemist's writings, as well as descriptions of one of Newton's own experiments. CHEMICAL HERITAGE FOUNDATION

This 17th century manuscript contains instructions that Newton copied from an American alchemist’s writings, as well as descriptions of one of Newton’s own experiments. CHEMICAL HERITAGE FOUNDATION

Are you on Aweditoria? Aweditoria is a new social media platform where people share small stories and ideas based on interests. Focusing on, personal development, health, politics, science, technology and etc. No distractions, just pure knowledge, it is free to use and it only takes few seconds to join, click here. You can follow Myscienceacademy.org there as well.