Most science projects are geared towards helping mankind, but these projects are particularly long-term, and their immense forethought and vision are targeted towards helping future generations.
Astronomers have used ESO’s New Technology Telescope and the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope to explore more than 100 planetary nebulae in the central bulge of our galaxy. They have found that butterfly-shaped members of this cosmic family tend to be mysteriously aligned — a surprising result given their different histories and varied properties.
Scientists from the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program have discovered bacteria, viruses and fungi living over 1.5 miles under the ocean floor in thick sedimentary rock, which dates back over 100m years. The lifeforms are only just surviving though, reproducing once every 10,000 years or so. Nevertheless the discovery raises questions over where life on Earth can survive.
By the time the first endangered species list was made, many species had already gone extinct. Some species, like whooping cranes, were almost extinct at that time. But the US government did not begin to protect animals as endangered species until they were put on the official endangered species list.
Happy birthday Google! The number one search engine in the world celebrates 15 years since its beginning in a Silicon Valley garage. Now is doing more than 13 billion searches a month.
Playing with the filters on a telescope can show us amazing things. In a recent case, Japanese astronomers looked at the star Gilese 1214 in blue light and watched its “super-Earth” planet (Gliese 1214 b, or GJ 1214 b) passing across the surface from the viewpoint of Earth. The result — a probable detection of water in the planet’s atmosphere.
A NASA-led team of scientists has uncovered strong evidence that soot from a rapidly industrializing Europe caused the abrupt retreat of mountain glaciers in the European Alps that began in the 1860s, a period often thought of as the end of the Little Ice Age.
Why are phone buttons laid out as they are?
You might have felt it — the feeling that you’ve experienced something before, but, in reality, the experience is brand new. There are over 40 theories that attempt to explain the phenomenon of déjà vu. Michael Molina explains how neuroimaging and cognitive psychology have narrowed down the theories that could explain that feeling you’re having…again.
Ten years of satellite observations of greenhouse gases reveal that carbon dioxide in our atmosphere continues to increase despite international efforts to reduce carbon emissions. Satellites also show that recent methane increases are likely due to manmade emissions.