Shocking Truth Of How It Was Vs How It Should Have Been

Shocking Truth Of How It Was Vs How It Should Have Been

Gunduz Aghayev altered iconic photos of children which shocked the world. He drew the little victims of tragedies in a way he would have liked to see.

Here is their stories retold.

Kevin Carter’s Pulitzer Prize-winning photo (1993) : Kevin Committed Suicide 3 Months After He Won the Pulitzer Prize for this Photograph of a Vulture Stalking a Starving Girl.

Kevin Carter’s Pulitzer Prize-winning photo (1993) :
Kevin Committed Suicide 3 Months After He Won the Pulitzer Prize for this Photograph of a Vulture Stalking a Starving Girl.

Vietnam War’s “Napalm Girl”

Vietnam War’s “Napalm Girl”

Children in Vietnam during war!

Children in Vietnam during war!

Child brides in Yemen. Tehani (in pink) and Ghada (in green)

Child brides in Yemen. Tehani (in pink) and Ghada (in green)

Son of Killed Azerbaijani journalist Elmar Huseynov

Son of Killed Azerbaijani journalist Elmar Huseynov

Rendered homeless by German bombs during the Blitz, a London boy points out his bedroom to friends in 1940.

Rendered homeless by German bombs during the Blitz, a London boy points out his bedroom to friends in 1940.

Doctor Janusz Korczak with children

Doctor Janusz Korczak with children

Death of Aylan Kurdi (Syria Refuge Crisis)

Death of Aylan Kurdi (Syria Refuge Crisis)

A Japanese boy standing at attention after having brought his dead younger brother to a cremation pyre, 1945

A Japanese boy standing at attention after having brought his dead younger brother to a cremation pyre, 1945

Credit: Cartoonist Gunduz Agayev

Via: http://www.diken.com.tr/

21 Things Thats Ideal For A Child’s Dream Room

21 Things Thats Ideal For A Child’s Dream Room

1) Swings To Fly High

enhanced-buzz-27458-1366741950-8

Source: uniquehomeinterior.com

2) A Soccer Field

enhanced-buzz-12536-1366744145-35

Source: nicedecors.com

3) A Fun Ferris Wheel

enhanced-buzz-12536-1366743575-14

Source: nicedecors.com

4) A Climbable Beanstalk To Feel Like Jack

enhanced-buzz-22018-1366743439-7

Source: glo.msn.com

5) Life-Sized Stuffed Animals To Feel Like They Are In The Jungle

enhanced-buzz-15994-1366743164-0

Source: thebooandtheboy.com

6) A Pirate Ship For That Special Adventure

enhanced-buzz-29211-1366741434-1

Source: vivezdeco.com

7) A Full-On Kitchen For When They Feel Like Cooking

enhanced-buzz-10041-1366740535-27

Source: potterybarn.com

8) A Cottage To Feel At Home

enhanced-buzz-874-1366740019-20

Source: curiositiesbydickens.com

9) A Castle Fort To Be The King Or Queen Of The World

enhanced-buzz-12104-1365190700-1

Source: cimots.com

10) A Performance Stage For That Talent Nights

enhanced-buzz-13200-1366741534-7

Source: carproperty.com

11) A Library To Learn More Every Day

enhanced-buzz-30248-1366742278-3

Source: archdaily.com

12) A Rock Climbing Wall That Leads To A Secret Room

enhanced-buzz-9572-1366740466-15

Source: theberry.com

13) A Fun Bed Slide

enhanced-buzz-31024-1366742154-27

Source: gerberbabycontest.net

14) A Section Only For Rock-Climbing

enhanced-buzz-31235-1365178935-19

Source: blog.holamama.es

15) An Actual Tree

enhanced-buzz-9171-1366740180-10

Source: welke.nl

16) A Treehouse To Hide Away

enhanced-buzz-27300-1365178361-24

Source: indechouse.com

17) A Fun Jungle Gym

enhanced-buzz-7040-1365178324-13

Source: mytropolisdesign.com

18) Giant Pillows For Those Naps

enhanced-buzz-29550-1366742007-0

Source: cdn.freshome.com

19) The Adventurous Narnia Passage

enhanced-buzz-1902-1365177676-36

Source: geekologie.com

20) A Swinging Bed For More Fun than Sleep

enhanced-buzz-15229-1366741874-1 (1)

Source: serendipity.fr

21) A Hanging Cocoon Chair

enhanced-buzz-12445-1366745731-15

Source: bambinogoodies.co.uk

The article originally appeared on: Architecture & Design 

New Research Could Give Alternatives For Children’s Eye Exams

New Research Could Give Alternatives For Children’s Eye Exams

150122132744-large

Picture a toddler getting his first eye exam. He’s seated in a strange room, with strange instruments and strange bright lights. He can’t sit still or open his eyes long enough for that diagnostic poof of air – especially if he has trouble seeing anyway, as children with achromatopsia do.

But according to research from the Baylor Visual Function Testing Center, future little ones might not have to squirm in their seats during routine eye exams. The research, which was published in JAMA Ophthalmology, explores a new non-invasive technology that’s kind of like a handheld CT scanner for the eye.

The technology, known as spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic imaging (SD-OCT), helps pediatric ophthalmologists detect achromatopsia by studying retina thickness. It can scan the structure of the eye from a distance, without getting too close to the young patient.

That non-invasive approach is a step up from previous methods, when specialists diagnosed based on age, family history and the standard eye exam procedure (air poof included).

Also known as “day blindness,” achromatopsia is a rare condition that causes bad vision in daylight, color blindness and shaking eyes. It affects one in 40,000 U.S. children and tends to run in families. Worst of all, it’s not easy to predict in young children because the current diagnostic tools were made for grown-ups.

“It has been very difficult to understand the retinal structure of children with achromatopsia because young children are known to be uncooperative during eye examinations designed for the adults,” said Yuquan Wen, PhD, scientific director of the Baylor Visual Function Testing Center. He, along with researchers at the Casey Eye Institute of Oregon Health & Science University, helped develop the study.

As part of the research, investigators studied 18 patients, each of them about 4 years old. Half of the participants suffered from achromatopsia and the other half (control) had normal visual function. By using the SD-OCT, researchers produced 3D high-definition imaging of the kids’ retinas, which is the back part of the eye responsible for creating visual pictures. In many ways, it’s like the film in a camera.

Through those images, they found that the achromatopsia patients had significantly thinner-than-normal retinas, as much as 17 percent thinner than the control participants. The findings imply the importance of studying a child’s retinal thickness when looking for achromatopsia.

Researchers also noted that, in young children, those retinal qualities seemed milder than older patients with the same achromatopsia diagnosis. This could mean a possible therapeutic window to help patients while they’re still young.

“We think that retinal thickness measurement is a more reliable predictor than age alone or genotype alone,” Dr. Wen said. “With the knowledge of retinal thickness in young children with achromaptosia, smarter clinical studies could be designed and monitored based on real structural changes of the retina in conjunction with the visual function change.”

As those new studies take shape, they’ll likely include a form of gene therapy that involves special therapies to make up for the non-functioning genes the patients were born with. Gene therapy has emerged in several clinical trials for blinding eye diseases and likely will continue to do so well into the future.

Before the availability of the handheld SD-OCT, pediatric ophthalmologists had only simple tools and instruments (all of them designed for adults) to detect achromatopsia in children. But based on these findings, the handheld SD-OCT could join those standard tools very soon – as well as be useful in pediatric eye exams in general, Dr. Wen said.

And the squirming kids who endure those eye exams? Like the first-time toddler, things won’t be so tough for them.

Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Baylor Scott & White Health.Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.

The Low IQ Gene In Children Has Been Found By Scientist

The Low IQ Gene In Children Has Been Found By Scientist

 Thyroid_system

Scientist from the Universities of Cardiff and Bristol have just discovered a gene that increases the risk of a child having a low IQ. They examined 3123 children under the age of seven who had their IQ tested. They have discovered that a genetic test after birth can identify babies with this problem. Through finding the gene to look for in a genetic test they can start with treatment much earlier. The Scientist found that children under the age of seven with reduced levels of thyroid hormone and a common gene variant are four times as likely to develop an exceptionally low IQ. 30,000 children can be treated with thyroid hormone tablets every year. The new research focussed on the deiodonase-2 enzyme witch is very involved in processing thyroid hormones within cells. A mutation occurred in the gene coding for the enzyme, which has already been linked to Diabetes and High blood Pressure.

little-57495_640

The scientist found that children with the deiodonase-2 variant gene also had low levels of thyroid hormone.
This made the four times more likely to have an IQ under 85, a very low score. Children who only had lower thyroid hormone levels where not at such a high risk to have a lower IQ. Dr Peter Taylor of Cardiff University was quoted saying: “If other studies confirm our finding then there may be benefit in carrying out genetic test for this gene variant in addition to the standard neonatal thyroid screening, which would identify children most at risk of developing a low IQ. Children with satisfactory thyroid hormone levels together with the genetic variant have normal IQ levels. This raises the possibility that the children at risk can be treated with standard thyroid hormone tablets to compensate for the impaired thyroid hormone processing.” The findings was presented at the society for Endocrinology’s British Endocrine Societies conference in Liverpool.

Credit: Cardiff University

 

The effects of China’s One Child Policy on its children

The effects of China’s One Child Policy on its children

 

3c0d6c224f5391b19ca6fceb40245962_nNew research shows China’s controversial One Child Policy (OCP) has not only dramatically re-shaped the population, but has produced individuals lacking characteristics important for economic and social attainment.

In research published today in Science, Professors Lisa Cameron and Lata Gangadharan from Monash University, Professor Xin Meng from the Australian National University (ANU) and Associate Professor Nisvan Erkal from the University of Melbourne examined cohorts of children born just before and after the OCP was introduced. They assessed social and competitive behavioural attributes such as trust and risk-taking.

The researchers conducted a series of economic games on more than 400 subjects. The imposition of the OCP allowed them to identify individuals who grew up as an only child because of the policy and who would have grown up with siblings in the absence of the OCP.

Comparing this group with those who were born before the OCP, they isolated the causal impact of growing up as single children. Results indicated that individuals who grew up as single children as a result of China’s OCP were significantly less trusting, less trustworthy, more risk-averse, less competitive, more pessimistic, and less conscientious individuals.

Professor Cameron, of the Monash Centre for Development Economics, said effects were observed even if single children had significant contact with social peers.

“We found that greater exposure to other children in childhood – for example, frequent interactions with cousins and/or attending childcare – was not a substitute for having siblings. There is some evidence that parents can influence their children’s behavior by encouraging pro-social values,” Professor Cameron said.

The researchers considered a number of possible other factors such as participants’ age and whether they might have become more capitalistic over time. They found that being born before or after the introduction of the OCP best explained the results.

The research may also have economic implications.

“Our data show that people born under the One Child Policy were less likely to be in more risky occupations like self-employment. Thus there may be implications for China in terms of a decline in entrepreneurial ability,” Professor Cameron said.

A radical tool of population control, the OCP was introduced in 1979 and strictly enforced in urban centres using economic incentives. In 2011 an official Chinese outlet cited the numbers of births prevented at 400 million.

Reports indicate that the Chinese government is currently considering whether to relax the OCP and these findings are relevant to those deliberations.

Editors note: Original article can be found here. 

Credit: http://www.monash.edu.au

[msa-ads data-ad-client=”ca-pub-6965588547261395″ data-ad-slot=”7732882042″]